I would like to thank you in advance for reading my page and having the best interest in your horse to learn about his nutrition.
Horses 6 Nutritional Daily Requirements, also known for the term (6 Categories) is essential in your horse’s diet.
Do you know if your horse is currently getting ALL his complete nutrition?
As you read about the basics of the horses 6 nutritional requirements for your horse, you will learn that their complete diet is really similar to humans and much like other animals.
- Water 2. Fiber 3. Carbohydrates 4. Protein 5. Fat 6. Vitamins/Minerals
A healthy horse will drink 5 to 15 gallons of water per day, depending on the weather temperatures as well as their activities/work per day. ALWAYS KEEP CLEAN WATER IN YOUR HORSES TUB.
If horses do not et the amount of water they need, it can cause dehydration and other health issues as well.
There are two main sources of fiber (forage or roughage).
Other sources of fiber are.
Carbohydrates can be categorized into two different groups.
1. Structural> Fiber
2. Nonstructural> Sugar and Starches
Proteins are vital for proper growth and maintenance for your horse. Proteins are broken down into amino acids and are combined to make your horses hair, hooves, and muscles healthier.
The amount of protein that your horse’s body can synthesize is limited by the Amino Acid which is basically one that runs out of supply first.
For horses, it is mostly lysine. Some horse owners will say, “the higher the protein, the higher the energy”, meaning the “hotter” your horse will get. This is not true. Protein is the most difficult energy source for horses to digest and converts into usable energy.
The fats in horses diet are becoming more of a new trend. Horses can tolerate a fairly high level of fat. Fat is an easily digestible source of energy. Horse owners use fats to increase their horse’s weight if they have a hard time keeping weight on.
Commercial feeds may have 6 to 12% fat. While your goal may be to increase the fat in your horse’s diet, just keep in mind that you have to continue your horse’s diet as you usually would and not to cut out any other important nutrients as you add in extra fats.
Vitamins are grouped into 2 different cateories.
- Fat Soluble (A, D, K, E)
- Water Soluble (B1, B2)
Horses typically make their own vitamins, so not all horses will require a supplement. Some horses can become deficient and can lead to health issues. Also, keep in mind that horses can get an overload of vitamins which can lead to high levels and possibly cause toxicity.
Minerals are already in commercial feeds.
A mineral block is a good idea to put out and leave in your horse’s pasture so they have access to it at all times. You can also purchase small mineral blocks for your horse’s stall.
grains are concentrates (energy).
It should only be fed as a supplement along with their hay/grass.
grains are not part of a horses 6 nutritional daily requirements but can help a lot depending on the exercise or work your horse gets or for adding to diet if your horse needs it.
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Thanks again! All the best to you. Michelle